Dyslexia: Will My Child Grow Out of This? [Pediatric Psychology, Orton-Gillingham reading program, Educational Enrichment Services, IEP/504 plans, Educational Specialized Services, Clinical neuropsychology]
Reading problems tend to be pretty common, so it’s interesting to learn that dyslexia is often missed! Although care must be taken before jumping into an evaluation and diagnosis, reading difficulties may not be temporary (as we often hope they are). Children may not grow out of these struggles, and in fact, these difficulties will continue to persist until something is done! Missing the warning signs can lead from the 5 year-old who can’t quite learn her letters to the 6 year-old who can’t match sounds to letters to the 13 year-old who shies away from reading aloud in class
Here are additional resources that may be of use:
- Reading With Your Child
- "Crossing the Midline" Skill [Pediatric Occupational Therapy]
- Brain Gym Exercises That Improve Learning
- Love Your Library!
- 5 Steps to Managing BIG Emotions [eBook]
When Dyslexia is suspected, here are some clues to look for [clinical neuropsychology]:
Signs of Dyslexia in the Preschool Years:
- Difficulty with common nursery rhymes like “Humpty Dumpty”
- Doesn’t know the letters in his own name
- Mispronounces words and persistent baby talk
- Difficulty learning and remembering names of letters
Signs of Dyslexia in Kindergarten- 1st Grade:
- Unable to understand that words come apart : (i.e. Cowboy becomes Cow-boy)
- Difficulty linking sounds with letters : b makes a “ba” sound
- Difficulty reading common one syllable words: “cat, bat, hop”
- Parent or siblings have a history of reading difficulties
- Avoids reading time or outwardly states that reading is hard
Signs of Dyslexia in 2nd Grade & Up:
- Mispronounces words that are complicated or unfamiliar
- Leaves out parts of words or confusing parts : amulium instead of aluminum
- Difficulty finding words and confusing words that sound alike: tornado & volcano
- Difficulty remembering phone numbers, names, dates, lists
- Lots of “um’s” and pauses while speaking
- Taking out/missing parts of words when reading
- Extreme difficulty of learning a foreign language
- Difficulty with spelling and word problems
Strengths of children with Dyslexia (hint, hint: they have lots of them!)
- A great imagination
- Good at building models
- Higher maturity level
- A great listening vocabulary
- Able to understand well what is read TO him
- Ability to understand & read high level words in areas of extreme interest (i.e. he loves dinosaurs and can a read a highly sophisticated book on the topic – due to practicing and seeing the words multiple times)
A diagnosis can come at any point in a person’s life from pre-school through adulthood! Don’t be afraid to reach out to your child’s teacher or therapist if you suspect Dyslexia. Help is only an evaluation away!
Educational Recommendations for Common Cognitive & Academic Weaknesses
Psycho-educational Assessments Give Both Direction and Purpose!
This guide is based on the work of Mather and Jaffe that which relates cognitive weaknesses to the common accompanying academic weaknesses and makes educational suggestions for those areas of weakness. psychology
- This 38-page guide just gives an overview.
- It can be used to simply help enhance mild areas of weakness or as a building block to provide a child with the academic support that he or she needs!
- A comprehensive analysis, which includes a pediatric psycho-educational evaluation, would be recommended to ensure that the child is receiving the supports that he or she needs.
If you suspect that your child may be having difficulty in school, navigating through social situations, or just needs light support in one or tow areas, a psycho-educational assessment would be helpful in boosting academic performance and confidence!
Reference: Mather, N. & Jaffe, L. E. (1992). Woodcock-Johnson Psycho-educational Battery-Revised: Reports and recommendations. New York: Wiley.
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